James Mckeen Cattell (1860 - 1944) was an American psychologist famous for being the first person who taught psychology at a university in the United States, specifically at the University of Pennsylvania.
He was a prestigious psychologist whose experiments in mental ability helped establish the field as a legitimate scientific discipline. The New York Times once called him "the dean of American science".
He published dozens of articles that measure human reaction times and memory, which he considered a pillar of the study of intelligence.
Do not miss this compilation of some of his best phrases.
Famous quotes by James M. Cattell
Lack of money is the root of all evil.
Psychology is a complicated field, in which it has even been discovered that outstanding authorities have moved in circles, describing things that everyone knows in a language that nobody understands.
Manifest anxiety is that part of the anxiety that the individual is aware of and is ready to talk.
Plato compared the intellect with a charioteer guiding the powerful horses of passions, that is, he gave both the power of perception and the power of control.
Of course, science lives confusing theories, but what were accepted as 'theories' even by many professional psychologists and psychiatrists, were very poor limitations of what physical scientists call theory.
Dominance is shown in assertive, independent, safe and stubborn behavior.
Personality is what it says what a man will do when he is put in a given situation.
Intelligence is important in psychology for two reasons. First, it is one of the most scientifically developed corners of the subject, giving the student a vision as complete as possible anywhere in the way in which the scientific method can be applied to psychological problems. Secondly, it is of immense practical, educational, social importance and with respect to physiology and genetics.
Psychology seemed to be a jungle of confusing, conflicting and arbitrary concepts. These pre-scientific theories undoubtedly contained ideas that still exceed in refinement to which psychiatrists or psychologists depend today. But who knows, among the many brilliant ideas on offer, which ones are the real ones? Some will affirm that the statements of a theoretician are correct, but others will favor the opinions of another. So there is no objective way to solve the truth, except through scientific research.
A taxonomy of skills, like a taxonomy in any other place in science, is apt to hit a certain type of impatient student as a free pedantry orgy. Undoubtedly, compulsions to the intellectual order are expressed prematurely sometimes and excessively in others, but a good descriptive taxonomy, as Darwin discovered in developing his theory, and as Newton discovered in Kepler's work, is the mother of laws and the theories.