Introversion is a personality trait that is characterized by focusing on internal feelings rather than external stimuli. Introverts and extroverts often see them as two opposite extremes, but the truth is that most people are somewhere in the middle of both.
- 1 What is introversion?
- 2 Differences between shyness and introversion
- 3 Why are some introverts and others extroverts?
- 4 Characteristics of introverts
What is introversion?
Introversion is one of the main personality traits identified in many personality theories. It is estimated that between 25 and 40% of the population is eminently introverted, but there are still many misconceptions about this type of personality.
It's important to put attention on introversion is not the same as social anxiety or shyness.
People who are introverts tend to live in their inner world, they focus more on internal thoughts, feelings and moods than on seeking external stimuli. Introversion is generally considered existing as part of a continuum along with extroversion. Introversion indicates one end of the scale, while extroversion represents the other end.
The terms introversion and extraversion became popular through Carl Jung's work and later became central parts of other personality theories. The introversion-extraversion dimension is also one of the four areas identified by the Myers-Briggs personality scale (MBTI).
According to many personality theories, we all have some degree of introversion and extroversion. However, people often tend to lean one way or another.
Introverts tend to be quieter, more reserved and introspective. Unlike extroverts who get energy from social interaction, introverts must spend energy on social situations.
After attending a party or spending time in a large group of people, introverts often feel the need to "recharge" by spending a period of time alone.
Do not miss: Introversion test - extroversion
Differences between shyness and introversion
It is important to keep in mind that introversion is not the same as shyness. Shyness indicates the presence of fear towards other people or social situations. Introverts, however, simply do not like to spend much time interacting with others. That doesn't mean they don't like being close to the people they love and appreciate.
They consider that participating in what social events or banal talks is simply tedious, but they enjoy having deep and meaningful conversations. Introverts also tend to think a lot about things before speaking. They want to have a complete understanding of a concept before expressing an opinion or trying to offer an explanation.
Why are some introverts and others extroverts?
As strange as it may seem at first, to know why some people are introverted and others are outgoing, it is important to understand the role that physiology plays in all this. The way in which our body responds to the external environment plays a fundamental role in determining our level of extroversion and introversion.
Physiologically, we should know that the network of neurons located in the brainstem and known as reticular activation system (RAS) It is responsible for regulating our levels of excitement, including wakefulness and the transition between sleep and wakefulness.
RAS also plays a role in controlling how much information we absorb while we are awake. When we face potential threats to the environment, the RAS will increase its activation levels so that we are alert and ready to face the danger. Each person has a basic benchmark in terms of level of excitement. Some tend to naturally have a much higher activation point, while others have a much lower activation point.
The psychologist Hans Eysenck suggested that these levels of arousal could be considered a continuum. According to his theory of personality arousal we can find that:
- 15% of people have a high activation level, which means they tend to be more excited.
- 15% of people have a low activation level, which means they show low levels of excitement.
- 70% of people are somewhere in the middle of the continuum.
According to Eysenck's theory, introverts are those who have high levels of excitement. Due to their high levels of natural activation, they are more alert and receive more information from the environment. As these high levels of excitement experience chronically or routinely (which can be exhausting), they tend to look for activities and environments where they can escape overstimulation. This behavior allows them time to recharge and offers them the opportunity to process and reflect on what they have experienced.
Characteristics of introverts
We are going to show you some of the main strengths of this characteristic 15% of society, the introverts:
1. They enjoy having time for themselves
When they have the opportunity to take a break, they prefer to spend time alone reading, playing video games or just listening to music. That moment of tranquility is important for your sense of well-being, even though you have many opportunities to enjoy social gatherings. They don't feel the need to do anything that doesn't make sense to them. They are happy in their own company, having time to discover themselves. They know what they are capable of, you know where their demons hide and they know how to hunt and kill them. So, isn't that a great quality for a human being?
2. They are very good analysts and listeners
The fact that they are introverts does not mean that they have no social life. But they are very selective with the people who approach them and they don't want everyone to interfere in their life, much less in private life. At the same time, being introverts makes them very good listeners, since they do not interrupt to explain their own life, to give their point of view or to become important ones by attracting the attention of their interlocutor. The world needs more listeners like this, especially today that we are so many but we live in a world of superficiality and lack of face-to-face and sincere communication.
3. They tend to be calm and quiet
Introverts are often imagined as quiet, reserved and shy individuals, although the latter is a mistake, since shyness is not synonymous with introversion. Shyness is fear and shame to be observed and valued by others, but introversion is a type of personality that flows into inner life. A person can be shy but not introverted, that is to say that in his interior he has strong desires to expand, to go out with friends at all hours and to speak by the elbows, although he is ashamed to do it in certain situations. And an introvert, even if he is reserved, does not have to be afraid to speak in public about his work, for example. In many cases, people with this type of personality they simply prefer to choose their words carefully and not waste time or energy on unnecessary talks.
4. They are friends and faithful companions
Introverted people, as we have already said, are very selective in choosing their friendships, so when they give them their trust it is usually for life, because they have weighed the pros and cons very well. They are therefore very loyal to their friends and maintain a firm affection for those they trust. Also, since they don't need to share their experiences constantly, They are very good at keeping confidences and secrets. They are great guardians of their personal experiences and understand that for others it is equally important, so they never infringe your freedom or your private space.
5. Do not succumb easily to peer pressure
Because they live in their own world, they are faithful to their own rules. It is more common for them to do what they want, when they want and how they want. They are not very influential by the social group, first because they do not easily join anybody and second because it is not their main interest to fit in and be valued by others. His top priority is to feel good in his inner world. They don't do things because they are fashionable, but because they really motivate them. They are great thinkers and weigh whether or not what others do makes sense to them, and if the answer is no, they do not go that way.
6. They have clear priorities
Introverts are very clear about what is at the top of their day's task list. They are subjects who know how to prioritize things in the best way to feel comfortable with themselves. For example, they may prefer to post on their blog instead of going out with their friends; They may just want to sing and play the guitar at home instead of going to a dinner where they hardly know anyone. That does not mean that they live locked in their homes, just that they ration their outings and social encounters to those who really satisfy them.
7. They are full of fantastic ideas
Introverts live in the world of ideas; they create thousands of universes in their minds but keep them secret. Your mind is full of crazy and bold ideas, which means you'll never get bored in the company of an introvert. Extraordinary thoughts and assumptions sprout from his head. As long as you are a good friend and companion, they will guide you through the magical world of their dreams, which will eventually become yours, since there is little chance that you will be able to resist their beauty.
8. They are strong and independent
Introverts are very capable of traveling around the world without having to do so in the company of someone, if they don't want to. This saves them from having to ask for permission or wait for the approval of another to go or do what they want. They know how to stay safe and firm being alone without anyone else's company.
If they have broken up with their partner, or if they decide to live independently, this does not cause them trauma or fear. They will hardly be emotional dependents from no one. The true force does not come from the physical, it comes from the mind and soul. And introverts have control over both. It is the result of his personality, the result of the nights they spent thinking about why they could not be like the others, nor be in a group as one. Now, you know why. Because they are different from most and stronger than them.
9. In trustful environments, free your inner child
Introverts are reserved while they are with strangers. They act in a serious way, are not put in evidence and usually go unnoticed. But in the company of their closest relatives, introverts let their inner child get free because, deep down, they are children at heart: sweet, sincere and playful.
10. Its ability to observe, although selective, is great
Introverts are excellent observers of their environment, because tend to analyze situations internally and deeply, due to their high levels of neural activation that makes them always alert to all stimuli. Every single detail or change in someone's behavior, whether in their choice of food, the way they talk to them when no one is around, etc., everything is computed by their hypersensitive mind. So it is much harder to lie or cheat them. Appreciate this unique feature of introverts, as it will be easier for them to perceive your sad mood at any given time and lend themselves to help you.Related tests
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